Who made the partition of india?

The partition of India was made by the British colonial government in 1947.

Who made the partition of India

Detailed answer question

The partition of India, which took place in 1947, was a significant event in the country’s history that marked the division of British India into two separate nations: India and Pakistan. This partition was primarily orchestrated by the British colonial government, led by Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India. The decision to divide the country was made to address the growing demands for a separate homeland for Muslims, as voiced by the All India Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

One significant quote on the topic is from Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, who described the partition as a “nightmare.” He stated, “The past was dead, the future unborn. The nightmare of division and hatred haunted us for many months, and many of us have been uneasy since.”

Here are some interesting facts about the partition of India:

  1. Radcliffe Line: The Radcliffe Line was drawn by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, a British lawyer, to demarcate the boundaries between India and Pakistan. The line was announced on August 17, 1947, just days before India’s independence.

  2. Population Displacement: The partition resulted in one of the largest mass migrations in history, with millions of Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs crossing the newly drawn borders to migrate to the country that aligned with their religious identity. It is estimated that around 15 million people were displaced during this period, leading to widespread violence and communal riots.

  3. Punjab and Bengal: The provinces of Punjab and Bengal were divided into two parts based on religious majorities. However, this division resulted in the displacement and violence that affected millions on both sides of the border.

  4. Independence and Communal Violence: The partition was accompanied by widespread communal violence and riots between Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. The violence resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives and left deep scars on the collective memory of both nations.

  5. Formation of Pakistan: The partition led to the creation of Pakistan, which initially consisted of two separate territories, East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) and West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan). The two wings were geographically separated by India.

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Facts about the Partition of India
– The partition was a result of Mountbatten’s plan to transfer power from the British Raj to Indian leadership.
– Jinnah’s demand for a separate state for Muslims played a pivotal role in the partition.
– The division of princely states like Kashmir and Hyderabad further complicated the process.
– The partition had far-reaching consequences and laid the groundwork for subsequent India-Pakistan conflicts, such as the Kashmir dispute.
– The partition also resulted in the displacement of important cultural figures, such as the poet Saadat Hasan Manto.

See a video about the subject

The video discusses the reasons why India was split into two countries, including a referendum that was supposed to be held by the Muslim population but has not yet happened. The conflict over Kashmir has continued since then, and the legacy of the Partition remains in the new political formations and in the memories of divided families.

Here are some more answers to your question

Britain oversees a hasty partition Mountbatten convinced leaders to agree to the creation of two new states, Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.

The partition of India was made by British civil servant Sir Cyril Radcliffe in 1947. After months of political deadlock, Britain agreed to divide the country in two, ending its rule over India, its biggest colony, on 15 August 1947. The sub-continent was divided very roughly into a central and southern part, where Hindus formed the majority, and two parts in the north-west and north-east that were mostly Muslim.

British civil servant Sir Cyril Radcliffe drew up the borders between India and Pakistan, in 1947, dividing the sub-continent very roughly into:

  • a central and southern part, where Hindus formed the majority

British rule over India, by far its biggest colony, ended on 15 August 1947. After months of political deadlock, Britain agreed to divide the country in two.

Surely you will be interested in this

Who started the Indian partition?
Response: In 1905, during his second term as viceroy of India, Lord Curzon divided the Bengal Presidency—the largest administrative subdivision in British India—into the Muslim-majority province of Eastern Bengal and Assam and the Hindu-majority province of Bengal (present-day Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and
Who caused the partition of India and Pakistan?
Response: Rather, a complex interplay of factors, including rising communal tensions in the 1930s, political choices made by elites at both national and provincial levels, the impact of the Second World War and the widespread breakdown of law and order following the ‘Great Calcutta Killing’ in 1946 are important to consider as
What country was responsible for partitioning India?
As an answer to this: LONDON — Seventy years ago this week, India and Pakistan became independent from the British Empire. The celebrations were cut short as the partition on religious lines ripped the subcontinent apart. Partition changed millions of lives, and the shape of the world, forever.
Who ruled India before the 1947 partition?
the British
In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
Why was India partitioned?
This created an upsurge of violence, in which approximately 15 million people were displaced and an estimated one million died. India and Pakistan have remained rivals ever since. Why was British India partitioned? In 1946, Britain announced it would grant India independence.
Who wrote the book India's partition?
Answer: Hasan, Mushirul (2001), India’s Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilization, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563504-1. Herman, Arthur. Gandhi & Churchill: The Epic Rivalry that Destroyed an Empire and Forged Our Age (2009)
When was the Great Partition founded?
As an answer to this: The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan, New Edition. Yale University Press. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-0-300-23364-3. Retrieved 27 April 2018. Although it was founded in1909 the League had only caught on among South Asian Muslims during the Second World War.
What assets were divided between India and Pakistan?
The other assets that were divided included the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Royal Indian Air Force, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury. Self-governing independent Pakistan and India legally came into existence at midnight on 14 and 15 August 1947 respectively.

Interesting facts about the subject

Topic fact: India and Pakistan’s independence at midnight on 14-15 August 1947 was a key moment in the history of the British Empire. India had been its cornerstone and many colonies had been secured in order to protect the trade routes to it.
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