The mango tree (Mangifera indica), an indigenous plant of India, and the sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), revered for its cultural and religious eminence in the nation, both trace their roots back to the mystical land of India.
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The mango tree, known by its scientific name Mangifera indica, as well as the sacred lotus, scientifically referred to as Nelumbo nucifera, are botanical wonders that trace their roots back to the enchanting land of India. These magnificent plants, deeply ingrained in the tapestry of the nation’s rich heritage, bear profound importance in Indian customs and beliefs.
The mango tree, often hailed as the “monarch of fruits,” boasts an extensive lineage in India and is intricately interwoven with the country’s essence. Celebrated for its delectable flavor and captivating scent, the mango tree has been nurtured in India for millennia. Thought to have sprouted from the heart of the Indian subcontinent, it assumes a commanding presence within Indian legends, literary works, artistic creations, and sacred rituals.
“The only fruit that the Son of Heaven gave to mankind as a reward for virtue.” -Xu Xia Ke
Interesting facts about the mango tree:
Variety and diversity: India is home to an astounding variety of mango cultivars, with over 1,000 different types growing across the country. Each variety possesses unique characteristics, varying in size, shape, color, and taste. The Alphonso and Kesar mangoes are among the most popular varieties.
National fruit: In 1955, the mango was declared the national fruit of India, symbolizing abundance, happiness, and prosperity.
Cultural references: The mango tree is often mentioned in ancient Indian scriptures and mythological stories, such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata. It represents fertility, love, and divine sweetness.
Medicinal properties: Various parts of the mango tree, including the leaves, bark, and fruit, are used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for their therapeutic properties. They are believed to have digestive, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant benefits.
On the other hand, the sacred lotus is another iconic plant originating from India, with its roots firmly embedded in the country’s cultural and religious practices. Revered for its ethereal beauty and symbolic significance, the sacred lotus holds a special place in the hearts of the Indian people.
“The lotus is the most beautiful flower, whose petals open one by one. But it will only grow in the mud. In order to grow and gain wisdom, first you must have the mud. The mud speaks of the common ground that humans share, no matter what our stations in life…” – Goldie Hawn
Interesting facts about the sacred lotus:
Symbolism: The lotus is regarded as a symbol of purity, enlightenment, and spiritual awakening in India. It is associated with various deities, particularly Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, and is often depicted in religious art and architecture.
Adaptive plant: The sacred lotus is known for its unique ability to grow in muddy and stagnant waters, yet emerge pristine and beautiful. This resilience and transformative power make it an enduring symbol of strength and growth.
Medicinal and culinary uses: The lotus plant has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. Its various parts, including the flowers, seeds, and rhizomes, are believed to possess medicinal properties and are used to treat ailments such as diarrhea, inflammation, and insomnia. Additionally, lotus seeds are a popular ingredient in many Indian sweets and desserts.
|Plant Name||Origin||Cultural Significance|
|Mango Tree||India||King of fruits, national fruit,|
|cultural references, medicinal uses|
|Sacred Lotus||India||Symbol of purity, spiritual awakening,|
|adaptive plant, medicinal and culinary uses|
In conclusion, the mango tree and sacred lotus both trace their origins back to India, standing as iconic symbols of the country’s rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. These plants not only provide sustenance and medicinal benefits but possess deep-rooted significance in Indian mythology, religion, and everyday life. As Xu Xiake eloquently put it, the mango holds a special place in our hearts as a heavenly reward, while Goldie Hawn beautifully describes the transformative power of the lotus growing amidst the mud of life.
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- 1. Milkwort shutterstock/aniana Botanical Name: Polygala irregularis
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- Banyan Tree (Scientific Name: Ficus Benghalensis)
- Jasmine (Scientific Name: Jasminum)
- Lotus (Scientific Name: Nelumbo nucifera)
- Neem Tree (Scientific Name: Azadirachta Indica)
- Indian Mahogany (Scientific Name: Swietenia Mahagoni)
|4.||Indian coral tree||Erythrina variegate|